The collection, as it now exists, consists of engineering study reports and other documents covering all aspects of the United States space program, but relating primarily to the manned space flight program and the Apollo program in particular. Some portions of the original Bellcomm library, most notably books, were placed in the library collection of the NASM, now part of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. The remaining material was turned over to the NASM Astronautics Department.(1) At that time some of the material in the collection was dispersed among the departmental files and some extraneous material was interfiled. Most notably, all reports originating at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) were removed for interfiling with a collection of JPL reports being assembled by the Astronautics department staff. During the processing of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Publications Collection (now NASM Archives Accession XXXX-0612) in 1999, some 5½ cubic feet of material which could be positively identified as belonging to the Bellcomm Library was removed from the JPL Collection and returned to the Bellcomm Collection. During the processing of the Bellcomm Collection, items which could be determined not to have originated with Bellcomm were removed from the collection and some effort was made to retrieve Bellcomm material from several other collections of Astronautics/Space Science and Exploration/Space History materials. The determination of whether to retain or retrieve an item was based primarily on date and markings on the document. Items postdating the transfer of the Bellcomm material to NASM (ca.1972) were automatically removed from the collection. Items bearing one of the several "Bellcomm Technical Library" stamps in use over the lifetime of the company were automatically included in the collection, while items bearing stamps from other NASM collections were removed. If no such stamps were present, a judgement was made based upon other markings. Some -- but not all -- stamped Bellcomm materials also have the report number or title hand-written on or near the spine; unstamped documents bearing similar hand-written report numbers have been retained or replevened, as appropriate. Therefore it is impossible at this date precisely to determine what documents were or were not present in the Library at the time of its transfer to the NASM; in addition a number of multi-volume reports remain incomplete. Endnote: 1. The Astronautics Department later became the Department of Space Science and Exploration (SS&E). Currently it is the Department of Space History (DSH).
Bellcomm, Inc, transfer, XXXX-0093, unknown
81.71 Cubic feet (222 letter document boxes, 1 slim letter document box, 4 flatboxes)
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The collections also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents.
No restrictions on access
Several attempts were made to organize the Bellcomm material before it was transferred from SS&E to the NASM Archives Division. The most thorough of these attempts left two sections of the collection independently organized by corporate author and a third unorganized section. As the proposed corporate-author organization would cause documents relating to a single program to be separated based upon which contractor submitted the report while juxtaposing completely unrelated materials, this arrangement has been discarded in favor of a subject (program or study) arrangement. Following a series of Bibliographies and General Reports, the materials are organized into five series based upon NASA's functional organization during much of the 1960s: Launch Vehicle Programs, Manned Space Flight Programs, Space Science and Applications (Planetary Reconnaissance and Earth-Orbiting Satellites), Tracking and Data Acquisition, and Advanced Research and Technology. Materials relating to military programs follow in a separate series. Under each series, materials are arranged by study and/or project. Materials relating to specific missions follow general material relating to the project under which the mission was launched. As no reference has surfaced to date positively linking a specific study to a specific project or program, series assignments have been made based upon the study name. The series assignments in this finding aid should not be taken to represent the actual NASA program or project under which the report was originally funded. Series I. Bibliographies and General Reports Series II. Launch Vehicle Programs Series III. Manned Space Flight Programs Series IV. Space Science and Applications Series V. Tracking and Data Acquisition Series VI. Advanced Research and Technology Series VII. Military Programs and Studies
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The reports cover a variety of space exploration-related subjects, including a number of defunct programs and space medicine concerns, as well as the better-known exploration projects, such as Mercury, Gemini, Surveyor, and so forth. The library also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents.
Many of the project explanations were compiled from material within the collection itself. Additional reference sources were: Ezell, Linda Neuman. -- NASA Historical Data Book -- , Vol. II, -- Programs and Projects 1958-1968 -- . The NASA Historical Series; NASA SP-4012, Vol. II. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1988. --------. -- NASA Historical Data Book -- , Vol. III, -- Programs and Projects 1969-1978 -- . The NASA Historical Series; NASA SP-4012, Vol. III. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1988. Benson, Charles D., and William Barnaby Faherty. -- Moonport - A History of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations -- . NASA SP-4202. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Office, 1978.
American Telephone and Telegraph Company
California Institute of Technology. Jet Propulsion Lab
Project Gemini (U.S.)
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Project Surveyor (U.S.)
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Bellcomm, Inc Technical Library Collection, Accession XXXX-0093, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
National Air and Space Museum Archives