Eilene Galloway (1906-2009) was one of the world's leading experts in space law and policy. She was a founding member of the International Institution of Space Law, and she authored numerous papers, speeches and opinion pieces on space law. After Sputnik was launched in 1957, Senator Lyndon Johnson, Chairman of the Preparedness Subcommittee of the Senate Armed Services Committee asked Galloway, then national Defense Analyst at the Library of Congress, to serve as Staff Consultant for hearings on US preparedness in space. When the Senate organized the Special Committee on Space and Astronautics, she served by formulating questions for witnesses and analyzing testimony. In 1958, Johnson sent Galloway to represent the United States at a meeting of the International Court of Justice in The Hague where she gave a speech entitled "The Community of Law and Science." That same year she was the editor of the Space Law Senate Symposium. Galloway helped establish the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). Galloway was a founding member of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) and she was also a member of of the American Astronautical Society (AAS), the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). She was the recipient of many awards including the first woman elected Honorary Fellow of the AIAA, and she was the first recipient of a Lifetime Achievement Award from Women in Aerospace.