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Saunders B. Kramer (died 2005) was a research scientist and engineer who worked on aerospace projects and on improving the efficiency of automobile engines. From 1955 until 1971, Kramer worked for Lockheed Corporation on a variety of aerospace projects, including studies of possible lunar and planetary exploration. In 1960, he was the director of the first detailed study of a manned space station and was awarded one of the first space station design patents for the Lockheed Bucephalus. Kramer also designed an early space shuttle. In 1971, Kramer began his work with the Energy Research and Development Administration, and in 1975 he moved to Washington as a scientist with U.S. Department of Energy conducting research into designing automobile engines to reduce pollution.

For many years, Kramer collected and analyzed data on satellite and spacecraft launching, and developed considerable expertise in the Soviet space program. He wrote dozens of technical papers on space exploration and in 2003 published the book The Hundred Billion New-Ruble Trip. He was a founding member of the American Astronautical Society, a fellow of the British Interplanetary Society and a member of the Planetary Society and National Space Society.




Kramer, Saunders.


bulk 1960s-1990s


Elissa Kramer, Gift, 2006


15 Cubic feet ((2 box3w))


No restrictions on access.


Collection descriptions

Archival materials

Color photographs

Color slides

Color transparencies

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of artist renderings of the Bucephalus Space Station (Lockheed) in the following formats: six four by five color transparencies; fifty-five color sides; five color prints, and ten three by four glass mounted viewgraphs. This collection also includes twenty-eight 7.5 by 9.5 color transparencies relating to Soviet space vehicles.


Color photographs

Color slides

Color transparencies


Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests

Topics Manned space flight
Space flight
Space colonies
Bucephalus Space Station (Lockheed)


Saunders Kramer Bucephalus Space Station and USSR Space Vehicle Collection, Accession number 2006-0016, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

Archival Repository

National Air and Space Museum Archives