Usage Conditions May Apply Usage Conditions Apply There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer Usage Conditions May Apply Usage Conditions Apply There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer Usage Conditions May Apply Usage Conditions Apply There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. 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Preliminary work by BMW on jet propulsion began in 1934 with formation of its aircraft engine organization. Development included consideration of ducted fans and turbochargers before evolving into the BMW 109-003 in 1939, the company’s principal turbojet during World War II. Flight tests were conducted on a Me 262 as early as 1942. Approaching the production stage, flight testing continued in late-1943 with a Junkers Ju 88 as a test-bed, with the engine mounted below the aircraft fuselage and its fuel tank in the bomb bay. Following the liberation of France in 1944, continuing test cell based development moved to an abandoned salt mine from its previous border location. War time exigencies required further changes including type of fuel and use of sheet metal construction.

Application of the BMW 003 was planned for the Arado Ar 234 four engine bomber; however, aircraft development slowed because of Allied bombing. BMW manufactured about 3,500 109-003 type engines.

Display Status

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Object Details
Date Circa World War II Country of Origin Germany Type PROPULSION-Turbines (Jet) Manufacturer BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke) Physical Description Type: Turbojet Thrust: 6,894 N (1,550 lb) at 9,000 rpm Compressor: 7-stage axial Combustor: Annular Turbine: Single-stage axial Weight: 624 kg (1,375 lb.) Dimensions Length 363.2 cm (143 in.), Diameter 69.1 cm (27.19 in.)
Materials Aluminum, Wood, Plastic, Steel, Paint, Rubber, Copper, Textile, Magnesium
Inventory Number A19670125000 Credit Line Found in collection Data Source National Air and Space Museum Restrictions & Rights Usage conditions apply
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