Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

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    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

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    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

    2 of 13

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

    3 of 13

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

    4 of 13

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

    5 of 13

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

    6 of 13

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Single-engine, two-seat, U.S.-built World War I trainer aircraft; 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. Tan wings, brown and blue fuselage.

    7 of 13

    America by Air - Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

    Jennys from World War I became the first aircraft used in regular service by the U.S. Post Office Department.
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    Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny"

    The Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.
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    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny in America by Air

    Designed as a trainer for the U.S. Army Air Service, the Curtiss JN-4 first flew in 1916. Known popularly as the “Jenny,” the JN-4 taught thousands of Allied pilots to fly during World War I. After the war, surplus Jennys were widely used for “barnstorming”—traveling air shows—and they opened the first scheduled air mail service.The JN-4D featured a 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. The Army ordered Curtiss to convert six JN-4Ds for the U.S. Air Mail Service by installing a larger 150-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine and a mail compartment. These airplanes were redesignated as JN-4Hs.The Smithsonian acquired this Jenny in 1918.
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    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny - Damage To Tail Fabric

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    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny - Damage To Wing Fabric

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    Curtiss JN-4D Jenny at Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center

    The Curtiss JN-4D Jenny at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center awaiting reassembly and placement on permanent display.  The aircraft was on display at the Museum on the National Mall in the "America by Air" exhibition until Nov, 2009 when it was moved to the Udvar-Hazy Center.
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Display Status:

This object is on display in the Boeing Aviation Hangar at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Boeing Aviation Hangar

The Curtiss JN-4D is almost synonymous with American aviation in the 1920s. The Jenny, as it was affectionately called, appeared in 1917. Heretofore having only produced pusher aircraft, Glenn Curtiss hired an experienced European designer to lead the new project named B. Douglas Thomas, who had worked for Avro and Sopwith in England. The Jenny performed admirably as a trainer for the U.S. Air Service during World War I, but its more significant role in aviation history was as a barnstorming and mail-carrying airplane in the 1920s. Large numbers of relatively inexpensive war surplus Jennys were available in the United States after 1918. Its affordability, ease of operation, and versatility made the Jenny the signature airplane of the barnstorming era. The Smithsonian acquired this Jenny in 1918 directly from the U.S. War Department. It is one of the finest remaining examples of this truly classic airplane.