Missile, Cruise, V-1 (Fi 103, FZG 76)

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    Missile, Cruise, V-1 (Fi 103, FZG 76)

    Cruise missile with tapered fuselage, two detachable wings, tail surfaces with rudder and elevons, and tubular pulsejet engine mounted on top, paint scheme dark green upper surfaces, light blue lower surfaces.

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Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

The V-1 (Vergeltungswaffe Eins, or Vengeance Weapon One), was the world's first operational cruise missile. This name was given to it by the Nazi Propaganda Ministry, but the original Air Ministry designation was Fi 103, after its airframe designer, the Fieseler company. Powered by a simple but noisy pulsejet that earned it the Allied nicknames of "buzz bomb" and "doodle bug," more than 20,000 were launched at British and continental targets, mostly London and Antwerp, from June 1944 to March 1945. It carried a one-ton, high-explosive warhead and had a range of about 240 km (150 miles) but was very inaccurate.

This artifact is a composite of original and replica sections. The donor of the original German sections is unknown, but all parts likely came from the U.S. Air Force.