Redstone Missile

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    Redstone Missile

    Cylindrical body, partial cutaway, one section cutaway along side engine section, permitting side view of engine; one section cutaway along side integral oxidizer tank section; final cutaway section, further down missile side, along side of fuel tank; large diameter internal pipe extending length of the propellant seections, seen through both propellant cutout sections; forward section, propellant tank dome; four cruciform clipped delta fins at the base; each fin with chrome-colored metal covering, non-ferrous, on sections facing nozzle; rectangular tabs attached to the lower outside tips of each fin; accomodations for four jet vanes in the exhaust path of the rocket that moved on pivots and linked to the missile's guidance and control system; six fiberglass bottles above engine. For separate jet or steering vanes, see Cat. # 1978-0064-0004 and Cat. # 1978-0064-001 for original jet vane containers. Also comes with separate warhead section, Cat. # 1978-0064-002. Some surface rust on steel injector plate and inside steel combustion chamber. Separate, NASM-fabricated nose cone tip since original tip of this missile could not be located during the restoration in preparation for exhibit at the Udvar-Hazy Center. Nose nose cone with blunt tip; nine oval indentations, equidistant around base, with holes on bottom of each, for facilitating cone to missile; overall, painted olive drab to match missile.

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This object is on display in the James S. McDonnell Space Hangar at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

James S. McDonnell Space Hangar

This is the Redstone, one of the most historically important developments in U.S. rocket technology. It was the U.S.'s first large-scale operational liquid-propellant missile and was modified as the Jupiter-C that placed the U.S.'s first artificial satellite, Explorer 1, into orbit in 1958. In 1961 the Mercury-Redstone rocket launched the first American into space, Alan B. Shepard.

As a missile, the Redstone had a range of 200-250 miles and carried either a conventional or nuclear warhead. The Redstone made its first successful flight in 1953 and became operational in 1958. It was replaced by the all-solid-fuel Pershing missile in 1964. This missile was donated to the Smithsonian in 1978 by the U.S. Army.