This is a 1:40 scale model of the Redstone, a U.S. Army surface-to-surface missile based on mobile launchers. Developed in the 1950s by Werner von Braun and his collegues at Redstone Arsenal, it carried a nuclear warhead and had a range of approximately 250 miles. First deployed in the 1950s in Western Europe, it was replaced completely by the Pershing I by the end of 1963. A modified version of the Redstone formed the basis of the Mercury-Redstone, which launched America's first suborbital manned spaceflights in Project Mercury. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency built this model and donated it to NASM in 1961.