Model, Space Shuttle,Grumman/Boeing 2-Stage F-1 Flyback Booster Concept, 1:192

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    Model, Space Shuttle,Grumman/Boeing 2-Stage F-1 Flyback Booster Concept, 1:192

    Shuttle concept model; Grumman/Boeing Phase B Double Prime partially reusable design, 1972. Two white winged craft and external tank with blue stripe trim. Vertical stack: orbiter mounted on tank, and tank mounted on nose of booster.

    1 of 3

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Model, Space Shuttle,Grumman/Boeing 2-Stage F-1 Flyback Booster Concept, 1:192

    Shuttle concept model; Grumman/Boeing Phase B Double Prime partially reusable design, 1972. Two white winged craft and external tank with blue stripe trim. Vertical stack: orbiter mounted on tank, and tank mounted on nose of booster.

    2 of 3

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Model, Space Shuttle,Grumman/Boeing 2-Stage F-1 Flyback Booster Concept, 1:192

    Shuttle concept model; Grumman/Boeing Phase B Double Prime partially reusable design, 1972. Two white winged craft and external tank with blue stripe trim. Vertical stack: orbiter mounted on tank, and tank mounted on nose of booster.

    3 of 3

Display Status:

This object is on display in the Moving Beyond Earth exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

NASA studied this Grumman/Boeing concept for a partially reusable space transportation system during the Shuttle research effort in 1969-1972. This two-stage system featured two piloted fly-back vehicles, a booster and an orbiter, both using liquid propellant. The orbiter was mounted on a large external tank above the booster. Powered by five F-1 engines, the booster would carry the orbiter to a set altitude, then detach to return to base. After separation, the orbiter's engines, fed from the tank, would ignite for final ascent into orbit. Moving all the orbiter's propellants into a disposable external tank made the orbiter smaller and lighter-weight. NASA transferred a variety of concept models to the Museum after settling on the final Space Shuttle design.