Nieuport 28C.1

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    Nieuport 28C.1

    Single-engine, single-seat, French-built World War I biplane fighter; 160-horsepower Gnome Monosoupape 9n rotary engine; reproduction tail; numerous replacement parts on fuselage. Green, tan, brown, black camouflage upper surfaces. Light green-gray under surfaces.

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    Nieuport 28C.1 at the Udvar-Hazy Center

    The Nieuport 28C.1 was introduced in mid-1917 but was rejected by France in favor of the sturdier, more advanced Spad XIII.
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    Nieuport 28C.1 Panorama

    Panoramic view inside the Nieuport 28C.1.

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Display Status:

This object is on display in the Pre-1920 Aviation at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Pre-1920 Aviation

Appearing in mid 1917, the Nieuport 28C.1 was rejected by the French in favor of the sturdier, more advanced Spad XIII. Having no suitable fighter design of its own, the United States adopted the Nieuport 28 as a stop-gap measure before the much-in-demand Spad XIIIs could be made available from the French. It was the first fighter aircraft to serve with an American fighter unit under American command and in support of U.S. troops. It was also first type to score an aerial victory with an American unit.

The Nieuport 28 also made its mark in U.S. aviation history after the war. Twelve were employed by the U.S. Navy for shipboard launching trials from 1919 to 1921. Others were operated by the U.S. Army in the 1920s. In private hands, several were modified for air racing, and a number found their way into Hollywood movies. Still others became privately-owned airplanes flying in various sporting and commercial capacities.