Collection Item Summary:
Before 1914, the Oberursel Motoren Gesellschaft of Frankfurt, Germany had obtained a license to build Gnome engines. However, these pre-World War I designs became obsolete and, with the encouragement of the Army's Inspectorate of Aviation, the company embarked on the manufacture of a copy of the 82 kW (110 hp) Le Rhone engine, which became available from 1917.
Convinced of the merits of the rotary engine, aviation pioneer Anthony Fokker acquired Oberursel, and used its Le Rhone copies to power aircraft such as the Fokker Triplane and D VI scouts. Reinhold Platz designed the D-VIII cantilever-wing monoplane for Fokker around the 82 kW (110 hp) Oberursel, and attained performance equal to the best wire-braced biplanes with 50-percent more power. That aircraft was only built in small numbers at the war’s end.
This 119 kW (160 shp) Oberursel UR IIIa powered Fokker D VI, Fokker Dr I, and Pfalz D VI aircraft during World War I.