Premier Voyage Aërien

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    Print, Engraving on Paper, Hand Colored, PREMIER VOYAGE AËRIEN

    "Premier Voyage Arien, 1783"; In spite of a color shift which has transformed the blue and gold balloon into yellow, this is an accurate depiction of the first free flight of human beings, November 21, 1783. The Montgolfier balloon carried Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent, the marquis d'Arlandes, up and away from the garden of the Chateau de la Muette, seat of the Dauphin, on the Bois de Boulogne. The dome of Les Invalides and the towers of Notre dame are visible across the Seine. This print show the balloon as it would have been seen from the terrace of the Hotel de Valentinois, the rented home of Benjamin Franklin in Passy.

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The Birth of Flight: NASM Collections

The invention of the balloon struck the men and women of the late 18th century like a thunderbolt. Enormous crowds gathered in Paris to watch one balloon after another rise above the city rooftops, carrying the first human beings into the air in the closing months of 1783.The excitement quickly spread to other European cities where the first generation of aeronauts demonstrated the wonder of flight. Everywhere the reaction was the same. In an age when men and women could fly, what other wonders might they achieve.

"Among all our circle of friends," one observer noted, "at all our meals, in the antechambers of our lovely women, as in the academic schools, all one hears is talk of experiments, atmospheric air, inflammable gas, flying cars, journeys in the sky." Single sheet prints illustrating the great events and personalities in the early history of ballooning were produced and sold across Europe. The balloon sparked new fashion trends and inspired new fads and products. Hair and clothing styles, jewelry, snuffboxes, wallpaper, chandeliers, bird cages, fans, clocks, chairs, armoires, hats, and other items, were designed with balloon motifs.

Thanks to the generosity of several generations of donors, the National Air and Space Museum maintains one of the world's great collections of objects and images documenting and celebrating the invention and early history of the balloon. Visitors to the NASM's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center at Dulles International Airport can see several display cases filled with the riches of this collection. We are pleased to provide visitors to our web site with access to an even broader range of images and objects from this period. We invite you to share at least a small taste of the excitement experienced by those who witness the birth of the air age.

Tom D. Crouch

Senior Curator, Aeronautics

National Air and Space Museum