Usage Conditions May Apply Usage Conditions Apply There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer Usage conditions may apply

In 1984 the Soviet Union launched the Vega 1 and Vega 2 spacecraft, which flew by Venus, dispatched scientific instruments into its atmosphere, then went on to pass through the tail of Comet Halley and transmit data on it back to Earth. The multinational mission involved scientists and instruments from Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, East and West Germany, Hungary, Poland, the United States, and the Soviet Union, and marked a new era of international cooperation for the Soviet space program.

French scientists designed Vega's main Venus experiment, a balloon carrying scientific instruments that was released into the atmosphere to measure cloud activity. Vega also released a Soviet-designed lander to investigate the planet's surface. This bus, for carrying the atmospheric experiment, and the landing apparatus are engineering models donated to the Museum by J. Buckner Hightower and Gregory W. Schnurr and Lavochkin Scientific Production Association.

Display Status

This object is on display in Space Science at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Space Science
Object Details
Country of Origin USSR Type SPACECRAFT-Uncrewed Manufacturer Lavochkin Scientific Production Association Dimensions Overall: 16 ft. 15/16 in. tall x 30 ft. 2 3/16 in. wide, 8818.4 lb. (490 x 920cm, 4000kg)
Materials Atmosphere Balloon - Rubberized Fabric
Balloon Package - Metals and Plastic Film, Some Tape and Wires
Landing Package - Painted Fiberglass
Orbital Bus - Various Painted Metals and Chrome, Wires
Alternate Name Vega Solar System Probe Bus and Landing Apparatus Inventory Number A19960108000 Credit Line Gift of H. Buckner Hightower and Gregory W. Schnurr. Data Source National Air and Space Museum Restrictions & Rights Usage conditions apply
For more information, visit the Smithsonians Terms of Use.