Stearman-Hammond Y-1S

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    Stearman-Hammond Y-1S

    Experimental; low wing, monoplane; single engine, pusher; red and silver.

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Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

In 1934, the Bureau of Air Commerce recognized the Hammond Y as one of two award-winning designs for its "flivver" (ie. safe, easy-to-fly, and affordable) aircraft competition. The Stearman-Hammond Y-1-S is its improved version, distinguished for its exceptional slow speed handling characteristics and two-control flight system with the intent that an experienced automobile driver would be able to solo with only an hour of flight instruction. A national demonstration tour generated interest but no buyers, as many preferred the simple lines and prices of other aircraft, and experienced pilots found the plane confusing to fly.

This Hammond Y is the fourteenth Y-1-S built and was donated to the National Air Museum in 1955 by Dean Hammond, after the ownership had been transferred by Ford Slagle in 1952. The Museum's Stearman-Hammond, Waterman Aerobile, Stout Skycar, and Erco Ercoupe stand as testaments to the "flivver" movement of the 1930s.