Wright Vertical 4, In-line 4 Engine

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    Wright Vertical 4, In-line 4 Engine

    Type: Reciprocating, 4 cylinders, in-line, water cooled Power rating: 31 kW (42 hp) at 1,325 - 1,500 rpm Displacement: 3.9 L (240 cu in.) Bore and Stroke: 111 mm (4.375 in.) x 102 mm (4 in.) Weight: 81.6 kg (180 lb)

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    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Wright Vertical 4, In-line 4 Engine

    Type: Reciprocating, 4 cylinders, in-line, water cooled Power rating: 31 kW (42 hp) at 1,325 - 1,500 rpm Displacement: 3.9 L (240 cu in.) Bore and Stroke: 111 mm (4.375 in.) x 102 mm (4 in.) Weight: 81.6 kg (180 lb)

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The Wright vertical four-cylinder engine was designed by Orville Wright in 1906. These engines, of which more were built than any other Wright Brothers' engine model, were produced until approximately 1912. They were used during the U.S. Army and European demonstrations, which were crucial to the success of the Wright brothers and their airplanes. An engine of this type powered the Vin Fiz, the first U.S. transcontinental aircraft, and Wright Model B aircraft. A Wright B1 was the U.S. Navy’s second aircraft, which was first flown by Orville Wright on July 15, 1911, and later converted to a “hydroaeroplane.”

This particular engine was a keepsake of Orville Wright for many years. Wright gave the engine to his close and trusted friend, Jim Jacobs, who had been a mechanic with the original Wright Company. In 1948, the engine was donated to the Smithsonian Institution by Jacobs' wife, Ruth.