Ranger Spacecraft Cameras

Three camera lenses on top portion of black Ranger spacecraft

Built between 1961 through 1965, the Ranger spacecraft were designed to give scientists their first detailed closeup images of the lunar surface. The spacecraft were built to crash into its surface, collecting images as they approached. After six failed attempts, Rangers 7, 8, and 9 successfully completed their 65-hour journeys to the Moon. Highlighted in this image are the cameras on the Ranger spacecraft.