Caloris Basin, the youngest large impact basin known on Mercury, has unique qualities that differ it from other areas on Mercury as well as lunar equivalents. Using Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) data researchers have been able to look at this basin in its’ totality for the first time, revealing widespread evidence of volcanism and tectonic deformation.
1. Murchie et al. (2008), Geology of the Caloris Basin, mercury: A View from MESSENGER.
2. Head et al. (2008), Volcanism on Mercury: Evidence from the First MESSENGER Flyby.