Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

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    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

    2 of 7

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    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

    3 of 7

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

    4 of 7

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

    5 of 7

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

    6 of 7

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    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Ampule, Chlorine, Apollo 11

    White Plastic cylinder with smaller cylindrical neck with cap; red neck with white lettering.

    7 of 7

To insure that drinking water during the Apollo missions did not become contaminated with microorganisms, chemical disinfectants were periodically injected into the water supply by the astronauts. A chlorine solution was used for the Command Module. The chlorine (sodium hypochlorite diluted to 1860 mg/L) was contained in 20 cc cylindrical ampules, like this one. Twenty minutes before water was consumed, the ampule was inserted into the water tank. Immediately afterward, a second ampule, containing a buffer (sodium dihydrogen phosphate) was inserted to neutralize the pH of the water, with an inhibitor, sodium nitrate (to slow corrosion). After waiting the 20 additional minutes for the chemicals to disperse throughout the tank, the water was potable.

This ampule was flown on Apollo 11 Command Module and was returned unused. In 1970 NASA transferred it to the Smithsonian along with the rest of the contents of the Command Module.