Northrop Gamma "Polar Star"

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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    2 of 37

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    3 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    4 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    5 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the engine and propellers of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.

    6 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the fixed landing skis of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.

    7 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is a Texaco logo. The logo has a white circle with a large red star. Inside the star is the letter T, which is painted in green.

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    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the cockpit of plane. Painted on the cockpit is Polar Star Trans – Antarctic Flight.

    9 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the vertical stabilizer and the Northrop logo.

    10 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the rear landing ski of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.

    11 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the vertical stabilizer and horizontal stabilizer Northrop Gamma Polar Star.

    12 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is a wing of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star. Painted on the wing is R-12269.

    13 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    14 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    15 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

    16 of 37

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. Third party or legal restrictions may apply to your use of these images.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

    View Manifest

    View in Mirador Viewer

    Northrop Gamma Polar Star

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica.

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    Northrop Gamma 2B "Polar Star"

    The Northrop Gamma 2B "Polar Star" on display in the Golden Age of Flight gallery at the National Mall building.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Engine

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the engine and propellers of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Landing Skis

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the fixed landing skis of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Landing Skis

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the fixed landing skis of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Texaco Logo

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is a Texaco logo. The logo has a white circle with a large red star. Inside the star is the letter T, which is painted in green.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Texaco Logo

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is a Texaco logo. The logo has a white circle with a large red star. Inside the star is the letter T, which is painted in green.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Cockpit

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the cockpit of plane. Painted on the cockpit is Polar Star Trans ? Antarctic Flight.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Northrop Logo

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the vertical stabilizer and the Northrop logo.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Northrop Logo

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the vertical stabilizer and the Northrop logo.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Rear Landing Ski

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the rear landing ski of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Rear Landing Ski

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is the rear landing ski of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Vertical Stabilizer and Horizontal Stabilizer

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the vertical stabilizer and horizontal stabilizer Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Vertical Stabilizer and Horizontal Stabilizer

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the vertical stabilizer and horizontal stabilizer Northrop Gamma Polar Star.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Wing

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is a wing of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star. Painted on the wing is R-12269.
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    Northrop Gamma Polar Star Wing

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image is a wing of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star. Painted on the wing is R-12269.
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    Northrop Gamma "Polar Star" Engine and Landing Gear

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Northrop Gamma Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica. By December 5, 1935, Lincoln and Herbert became the first men to visit western Antarctica. Highlighted in this image are the fixed landing skis and engine of the Northrop Gamma Polar Star.

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    Northrop Gamma 2B "Polar Star"

    On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica to Little America. 

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    Northrop Gamma "Polar Star" Cargo Bay Panorama

    Panoramic view inside the Northrop Gamma "Polar Star."

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    Northrop Gamma "Polar Star" Panorama

    Panoramic view inside the Northrop Gamma "Polar Star."

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    Northrop Gamma "Polar Star" Panorama

    Panoramic view inside the Northrop Gamma "Polar Star."

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On November 23, 1935, explorer Lincoln Ellsworth, with pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon, took off in the Polar Star from Dundee Island in the Weddell Sea and headed across Antarctica to Little America. Fuel exhaustion forced them to land 40 kilometers (25 miles) short of their goal on December 5, and they walked for six days to reach their destination. They settled in the camp abandoned by Richard E. Byrd several years earlier.

The British Research Society ship Discovery II sighted them on January 15, 1936, near the Bay of Whales. Hollick-Kenyon later returned to recover the Polar Star. The dent in the fuselage behind the engine was caused by a hard landing on the polar ice. The total distance flown by the Polar Star before its forced landing was about 3,862 kilometers (2,400 miles).