Usage Conditions May Apply Usage Conditions Apply There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0) This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0) This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0) This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0) This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu View Manifest View in Mirador Viewer

Mars Pathfinder was the first spacecraft to land on the surface of the red planet since the Viking mission in 1976. It was launched on December 4, 1996. On reaching Mars on July 4, 1997, the spacecraft entered the planet's thin atmosphere, was slowed by a parachute and then rockets, and then landed by bouncing on inflated airbags. Once on the surface, the protective aeroshell unfolded to provide three flat platforms and ramps, one of which held a rover (Sojourner). The Sojourner rover traveled down one of the ramps and proceeded to take close up images of the surface using two black and white cameras on the front and a color camera on the rear. The rover also featured a rear-mounted Alpha Proton X-ray Spectrometer that provided bulk elemental composition data on surface soils and rocks.

The Marie Curie rover was the flight spare for the Sojouner rover. During Sojourner's activites on Mars, engineers operated Marie Curie in the same movements in a Mars-like test area at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California. For a time, NASA planned to send Marie Curie on a 2001 Mars mission, but this did not occur. Today, these two rovers--one still on Mars and its twin here--represent the first successful exploration of the Martian surface with a moving vehicle.

JPL transferred the Marie Curie rover to the Museum in 2015.

Display Status

This object is on display in Kenneth C. Griffin Exploring the Planets Gallery at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

Kenneth C. Griffin Exploring the Planets Gallery
Object Details
Country of Origin United States of America Type SPACECRAFT-Uncrewed Manufacturer Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology Dimensions 3-D (Overall): 69.8 × 44.4 × 31.7cm (2 ft. 3 1/2 in. × 1 ft. 5 1/2 in. × 1 ft. 1/2 in.)
Materials Aluminum Alloy
Gold Plating
Kapton-like Tape
Adhesive Tape (White and Black)
GaAr/Ge Solar Cells
Electronics and Wiring
Onboard Computer
Side Color Panels
Paint
Possibly Lithium Thionyl Chloride (LiSOCl2) D-cell batteries
Antenna
RTV Rubber
Adhesives
Inventory Number A20150317000 Credit Line Transferred from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Data Source National Air and Space Museum Restrictions & Rights Open Access (CCO)
For more information, visit the Smithsonians Terms of Use.