Voisin Type 8

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon.

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images are the landing gear of the Voisin Type 8 and the tail of the Pfalz D.XII.

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images is the nose of the Voisin Type 8.

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images is a wing of the Voisin Type 8.

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images is a wing of the Voisin Type 8.

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images are the wings and gear of the Voisin Type 8.

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    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images is the landing gear of the Voisin Type 8.

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images is a tire of the Voisin Type 8.

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images are the wheels and wheel frame of the Voisin Type 8.

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    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas?s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in this image is the landing gear of the Voisin Type 8.

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    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas?s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in this image is the landing gear of the Voisin Type 8.

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    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

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    Voisin Type 8

    Single-engine, two-seat French World War I pusher biplane bomber aircraft; 220 horsepower Peugeot 8Aa engine. Silver finish overall.

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

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    Voisin Type 8

    Single-engine, two-seat French World War I pusher biplane bomber aircraft; 220 horsepower Peugeot 8Aa engine. Silver finish overall.

    13 of 21

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

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    Voisin Type 8

    Single-engine, two-seat French World War I pusher biplane bomber aircraft; 220 horsepower Peugeot 8Aa engine. Silver finish overall.

    14 of 21

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

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    Voisin Type 8

    Single-engine, two-seat French World War I pusher biplane bomber aircraft; 220 horsepower Peugeot 8Aa engine. Silver finish overall.

    15 of 21

    CCO - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    Single-engine, two-seat French World War I pusher biplane bomber aircraft; 220 horsepower Peugeot 8Aa engine. Silver finish overall.

    16 of 21

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    This media is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and image viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. More - https://iiif.si.edu

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    Voisin Type 8

    Single-engine, two-seat French World War I pusher biplane bomber aircraft; 220 horsepower Peugeot 8Aa engine. Silver finish overall.

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    French Voisin VIII in Legend, Memory, and the Great War in the Air

    This French Voisin VIII was one of the world's first bombers, although not a very effective one. The pilot aimed with a crude bombsight through glass panels in the nose, then released the bombs from small trap doors in the fuselage floor.
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    Voisin Type 8

    A Voisin (8) bomber on display in the Legend, Memory and the Great War In The Air gallery at the National Mall building.

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    Voisin Type 8

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas?s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images are the wheels and wheel frame of the Voisin Type 8.

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    Voisin Type 8 Wheel Frame

     

    In November 1916, The Voisin Type 8 entered service as a French night bomber. To operate at night, the aircraft was equipped with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provisions for landing lights. The Type 8 was intended to be powered by a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine. The Hispanso-Suizas’s engine was not available in sufficient numbers and a 220-horsepower Peugeot 8 Aa engine was used. To accommodate the bulkier and heavier Peugeot engine, the Type 8 required an enlarged and strengthened fuselage, and greater wingspan. It was fitted with either a single machine gun or a 37 mm cannon. Highlighted in the images are the wheels and wheel frame of the Voisin Type 8.

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Gabriel and Charles Voisin were among Europe's leading pioneer aviators. Their classic 1907 pusher biplane was one of the most significant aircraft of the pre-World War I era. In 1912, they developed a military version. Thereafter they built aircraft almost exclusively for military contracts. The Voisin 1912 Type, as it was referred to by the French military, also called the Type 1, launched the standard configuration of almost all Voisin aircraft throughout the war. The Voisin design philosophy was conservative. There were only slight, incremental design changes in the airframes during the war. Improvements principally consisted of installing more powerful engines, usually necessitating wings of greater span. The Voisin Type 8 entered service with French night bombing squadrons in November 1916.

NASM's Voisin Type 8 is the oldest surviving aircraft that was specifically designed as a bomber. When manufactured in February 1916, it was equipped as a night bomber, with internal bomb racks, cockpit lights, and provision for landing lights.