lifeless space traveler orbited the Earth on March 23, 1961, weeks
before Yuri Gagarin's flight. His mission tested the Vostok spacecraft
and SK-1 pressure suit, as well as the tracking and recovery operations.
The mannequin is named "Ivan Ivanovich," the Russian equivalent
of "John Doe." Technicians were concerned that Ivan's
features were so lifelike that they wrote "model" on the
forehead, so anyone finding the mannequin upon landing would not
subsequent Vostok cosmonauts, Ivan was ejected from the spacecraft
in an ejection seat after reentering the atmosphere. He parachuted
out of the seat and landed near the Ural Mountains city of Izevsk
during a heavy snow storm. Ivan has remained in his spacesuit ever since.
Moscow Prosthetic Appliances Works (mannequin); Zvezda (space suit)
The Perot Foundation